Now in Guyana National Museum Tourism, Guyana

Guyana National Museum Tourism, Guyana


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Guyana National Museum:

The Guyana National Museum was established in 1853 and was first officially opened to the Public on February 13, 1868 by The Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society by the then British Guiana Government. It is currently under the Umbrella of the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport who is the governing body. The main responsibility of the Department is dedicated to the preservation and interpretation of the history of the Republic of Guyana.

The Mandate of the Guyana National Museum is to preserve and display objects of Natural history, science and technology. Our mission is to provide learning experiences for every visiting member of the public through the preservation and display of Guyana’s natural history and other specimens. These are executed via a number of core functions and protection of our National Collection.

The core functions of the National Museum of Guyana include serving as National repositories for things of Scientific, Cultural, Technological and Human interest, serving as places where research and dissemination of knowledge may be undertaken, identifying, protecting, conserving and transmitting the Cultural and Natural Heritage of Guyana and promoting cultural resources in the context of social and economic development.

Natural History:

The Natural history section can be found on the second floor of the National Museum.

Megatherium:

Recently the Guyana National Museum has added a missing gap to its national collection that has been hidden for thousands of years. This piece of evidence had place Guyana, the Ministry of Culture, youth and Sport and the Guyana National Museum on the world’s paleontology list of prehistoric fossil findings, hence the launching of the Megatherium americanum- The Mega-T, which was officially opened on April, 09, 2010.

The Megatherium seems to bring great fascination and an overwhelming positive response from the visiting public. Housed in the Museum currently; standing 17 feet tall is a life size replica of the megatherium: Giant

Ground Sloth in the North Western hall of the Museum surrounded by its natural habitat including local artistic paintings, giving this exhibits a life like effect. The word “megatherium” means “Great beast”

This project was done in collaboration with Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport, Sven Ullrich and Robert Spitzer (Eerepami Regenwaldstigund, Germany), Guyanese Heritage society, Guyana Bank for Trade and Industry (GBTI) and the Guyana National Museum.

Mammals:

The collection of mammals includes the Jaguar, labba tiger or ocelot, the opossum, several types of monkeys such as the squirrel monkey and the howler monkey. Other mammals on display at the museum include the raccoon or Crab dog, the ant- eater and the armadillo.

Birds:

The collection of birds is truly representative of the different species which share Guyana's rainforest habitat. Among the exhibits are the cock-of-the-rock, the white hawk, the harpy eagle, the great horned owl, the canje pheasant- Guyana's national bird and the ringed king fisher.

Reptiles:

The South American tortoise, the black Caiman, the boa constructor, the anaconda or water camudi and turtles are just a few of the reptiles on display at the Guyana National Museum.

Fish:

The electric eel, the arapaima, the crab fish or pirai, the curass and the sea hassar are a part of a large variety of fishes on display.

Other exhibits in the natural history collection include insects, illustrations of the seed and how germination takes place in plants, various kinds of fruits, roots, rice, and different types of leaves. Also on display are various kinds of woods which are homogenous to Guyana and include Wallaby, Purple Heart, Green heart, Crab wood and Silverdale.

Wet Collection:

Other exhibits in the natural history collection include insects, illustrations of the seed and how germination takes place in plants, various kinds of fruits, roots, rice, and different types of leaves. Also on display are various kinds of woods which are homogenous to Guyana and include Wallaby, Purple Heart, Green heart, Crab wood and Silverdale.

Social History:

The social history section is found on the first floor of the Guyana National Museum. Guyana has a very rich and diverse social culture which is

somewhat reflected in our collection. The model of the Royal Agriculture and Commercial Society and the reading rooms are typical of Georgetown's wooden architecture. The Models of Fort Nassau and Zeelandia are military structures which emphasize the Dutch Colonial presence. Known as The Land of many waters, river transport is essential to everyday life in Guyana thus the SS Arawana and the Quarryman ferry models are two examples of passenger boats that work along our rivers.

The Gold and Diamond Miner or Pork Knocker as he was commonly called represents the social aspect of an important " economic activity in Guyana. Other attractions of this collection include the panoramic recreation of gold mining in the Cumuli River. The Black on Magenta One Cent Stamp was made in Guyana in 1856 as a result of a shortage of stamps from England and which is the world's rarest stamp. It is displayed alongside the machine on which it was printed.

The Dutch slave whip, the Dutch Planters' footbath and the collection of antique bottles also remind us of Guyana's colonial past. Tobacco smoking was an integral part of colonial society particularly with the Dutch. Several smoking pipes are displayed which attest to this fact. To note as well, the Chinese opium pipes were popular among the Chinese immigrants who came to work on the plantations in Guyana.


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