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Uttar Pradesh Tourist Destination, Uttar Pradesh


UTTAR PRADESH

HISTORY

Uttar Pradesh has multicultural, multiracial, fabulous wealth of nature-hills, valleys, rivers, forests, and vast plains. Viewed as the largest tourist destination in India, Uttar Pradesh boasts of 35 million domestic tourists. More than half of the foreign tourists, who visit India every year, make it a point to visit this state of Taj and Gangs. Agra itself receives around one million foreign tourists a year coupled with around twenty million domestic tourists. Uttar Pradesh is studded with places of tourist attractions across a wide spectrum of interest to people of diverse interests. The seventh most populated state of the world, Uttar Pradesh can lay claim to be the oldest seat of India's culture and civilization. It has been characterized as the cradle of Indian civilization and culture because it is around the Gangs that the ancient cities and towns sprang up. Uttar Pradesh played the most important part in India's freedom struggle and after independence it remained the strongest state politically. 

Ancient History of Uttar Pradesh

The history of Uttar Pradesh starts with the advent of Aryans hordes from Central Asian region. Its tryst with the history started as early as 2000 B.C when Aryans started settling along the Doab of Ganges and Ghagra. This settlement, which was predominantly rural in nature, was named "Madhyadesh" i.e. 'Central Country'. Various Vedic era kingdoms ruled Uttar Pradesh in turn. The most notable one was Kosala that was ruled by King Dasaratha and his successor Ram. They later became the protagonist of epic called Ramayana. Another epic, Mahabharata, also talks about kings who ruled in and around modern Uttar Pradesh and were participant in the war of succession between Kaurvas and Pandavas. 

The middle of 1st millennium B.C saw the advent of Lord Buddha and Buddhism. Sarnath near Varanasi has the pride of becoming the place where Lord Buddha gave his first sermon. In that period, Uttar Pradesh was ruled by Magadh dynasty. In due course it passed do Nanda dynasty and then to Mauryan who toppled Nanda. In the post-Christ era, Kannauj became the center of power. Various rulers ruled from this city but it was during the reign of Harshavardhana that the city raised to its pinnacle.

Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh

The advent of Muslim rule acted as the catalyst in the history of Uttar Pradesh. The era saw the downfall and humiliation of Rajput rule in Uttar Pradesh and their influence was largely confined to the pockets surrounding the Rajputana strongholds of Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh came under the rule of almost all the emperors that ruled during the Sultanate era. The real high came during the reign of Mughal when Emperor Akbar chose the city of Agra and Fatehpur Sikri as his capital cities. The Mogul reign saw the construction of some of the most magnificent monuments in Uttar Pradesh. The era also witnessed irreversible trends towards the development and consolidation of administrative and land holding systems. The era also saw the development of unique art,crafts and culinary traditions of Uttar Pradesh

Modern History of Uttar Pradesh The era saw the advent
and conquest of British in Uttar Pradesh. The Mogul rule started weakening and was later confined to the Doab region. Other martial tribes ruled the rest of the areas viz. Oudh was ruled by the Shiite Nawabs, Rohilkhand by Afghans, Bundelkhand by the Marathas and Benaras by its own king, while Nepal controlled Kumaon and Gadhwal. The 'Divani' of Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Oudh later passed to British. It happened in the year 1764 when the British East India Company forces, in the historic Battle of Buxar, trounced the combined army of Nawab Suja-ud-Daula, Mir Kasim and Mogul Emperor Shah Alam. The state was also the epicenter of the Sepoy revolt of 1857. Some of the major protagonist of that mutiny namely Nana Saheb, Tantya Tope, Rani of Jhansi, Maharaja of Benaras and Begum Hazrat Mahal were the resident of Uttar Pradesh. A Sepoy named Mangal Pandey is said to have initiated this revolt in Uttar Pradesh when he opened fired on a British Sergeant in the Merrut Cantonment.

Capital       :        Lucknow

Area           :        243.286 km²

Population :        190.491.000 (2008)

Language   :        Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, English

How to Reach

Uttar Pradesh can be easily accessible from all parts of the country. Trains, flights, state and private roadways buses, rental cars, MUVs and mini buses are available to travel from one to another place within the state. The train service is the most convenient with comfortable superfast, express and mail trains linking all the important destinations in Uttar Pradesh.

Air

The state has four domestic airports at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur and Varanasi. As the capital of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is well connected to the major cities of India like Kolkata, Patna, Delhi and Mumbai by domestic carriers as well as to the important tourist destinations of Khajuraho and Varanasi.

Railways

Train is the more convenient mode of transportation to reach Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow is the main junction of the northern network. Other important railway junctions are Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Mughalsarai, Jhansi, Moradabad, Varanasi, Tundla, Gorakhpur, Gonda, Faizabad, Bareilly and Sitapur. All the cities, towns and almost all the villages of Uttar Pradesh are connected by rail though the trains may vary from superfast to mail trains that halt at every little station on the line.

Roads:

The total road length of PWD in the State is 131969 km. This includes 3794 km of national highways, 8449 km of state highways, 119726 of other district roads and 72,931 km of rural roads. All parts of the state are connected to most of the important cities in India. Both Government and Private buses operate from major cities

Uttar Pradesh Tourism:

Uttar Pradesh, situated in the northern part of India, has the distinction of being the most populous state of India. In terms of area, it is the fourth largest,

among all the states. A tour to Uttar Pradesh would take you to the popular shrines and pilgrimage sites, which hold a special significance in the lives of the Indian people. The famous Kumbh Mela takes place every twelve years at Allahabad and Haridwar.

Uttar Pradesh has an ideal location, in the north it is guarded by the majestic Himalayas, decked by the holy rivers of Ganga and Yamuna. The state has a strategic importance for Indian Defense as it touches Tibet and Nepal on the Northern Border of the country.Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kalinjar, Kanpur and Lucknow form some of the main cities of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Places like the Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and Sikandra are popular tourist’s spots in Uttar Pradesh.

Right Time for Tour:

The best time to visit Uttar Pradesh is within October to March. Located in central India the state is well connected to rest of the country with several railway stations at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur, Mathura, Varanasi, Jhansi, Allahabad and Ghaziabad.

For tourists willing to take the aerial route the state has airports at important locations such as Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad and Agra.

Attractions:

  • Agra
  • Lucknow
  • Allahabad
  • Ayodhya
  • Jhansi

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